of Breast Milk
You can express
breast milk either manually with your hands or with a breast
pump. Pumping enables you to breast feeding by keeping your
milk stimulating. If milk is not emptied regularly it send
a message back to your body to stop producing milk
Expression of Breast Milk:
prefer manual expression because it can be done silently
and does not require any instruments.
Wash your hands clean with
soap and water.
Put a clean cup or a
container under your breast.
Massage your breast gently towards
Place your thumb about 2 to 3 inches back from tip of the
nipple and your index finger below
Start pressing from the base of the breast towards the areola
(dark area around the nipple) between the thumb and the
fingers with a rhythmic motion until the milk squrites out.
Rotate your thumb and finger around the aerola to get milk
from different positions.
You should stop expressing milk when it ceases to come out
as a jet or starts coming in drops.
Transfer the milk to
a clean covered container for storage .
Always label the container and put a date and
time on it.
Breast pumps are manual, battery-operated,
or electric. You can find manual pumps in most pharmacies
and baby stores.Your Gyaenecologist or Pediatrician is the
right person to advise you regarding choice of method. E-com
pumps have a handle to squeeze that creates
a negative pressure and draws the milk into
the bottle. These may have a soft, pliable flange that fits
around the nipple and areola
pumps stimulate the breast more effectively than manual
expression or hand pumps though it is more expensive and
kept in large hospitals/ milk banking centers. They are
used mainly to keep breastfeeding going when a mother is
not able to breastfeed for several days or more.
of Expressed Milk
Importance should be given for proper handling and safe
storage of your expressed milk.
- Always wash your hands before
handling your milk.
- For storing the milk use
- Try using hard plastic cups
or special heavy nursery bags, which can be used to feed
- Keep the milk expressed
at different times in different containers.
- Expressed milk should be
stored in the refrigerator.
- Human milk should not be
stored for more than 8 hours at room temperature.
- Store the milk in the sealed
container in a refrigerator. Use this milk with in 24
hours if possible. Discard all milk that has been
refrigerated for more than 72 hours.
- If you will not be using
the milk within 24 hours freeze it. Frozen milk is good
for at least 1 month. (3 Ė 4 months if kept at 0 degrees)
Make sure to label the milk with the date that you freeze
- Freeze 2 Ė 4 ounces of milk,
as this is the average
amount of single feeding.
- Donít add fresh milk to
the already frozen one.
- Use the oldest milk first.
Reuse of Stored Milk
The stored milk should be brought
back to room temperature before feeding.
- You may thaw freezed milk
in the refrigerator or by swirling the container in a
bowl of warm water.
- Milk thawed in the refrigerator
must be used within 24 hours.
- Breast milk does not need
to be boiled.
- Donít use microwave ovens
to heat bottles because the heating is not evenly done.
This uneven heating can damage the milk or scald your
- Excessive heating can destroy
the important proteins, vitamins and other contents of
- Donít re-freeze your milk.
- Donít save milk from used
bottle for using at another feeding.