What is male sterilization?
is also known as a Vasectomy or "The Snip". It is
a permanent method of contraception and requires a
small operation under local anaesthesia.The doctor
or surgeon will make a small incision in the scrotum
and pull out the vas deferens. (A the tube that connects
the testicles to the penis.)
Male reproductive systems in Sexual Activity
The doctor or surgeon will then cut the tube and the
cut ends are then either tied off or heat-sealed.
It is very important
to view this method as irreversible. Vasectomies can
be reversed for a small number of men but donít count
on one of them being you as you may be very disappointed.
does it work?
tubes (carrying the sperm) are cut, no sperm are present
in the semen when a man ejaculates.It takes some time
for the sperm still left in your system (above the
cut ends of the tubes) to clear ,so you will have
to use additional contraception until being the "all
clear".You will be required to produce two semen samples
to test the sperm content, the first will be around
12 Ė 15 weeks after the operation and the second a
couple of months after the first. Two successive clear
sperm counts that are not containing any sperm are
needed before you will be given the "all clear.íí
are the advantages?
is a very minor operation with almost no surgical
barrier method of contraception once the "all
clear" is given to protect from STDís and HIV.
Link to Barrier Methods in Contraception. NOT
AN ADVANTAGE IT IS A DISADVANTAGE
are the disadvantages?
will need to use additional contraception (until
given the all clear) usually for 3-5 months after
(but very rarely) the manís tubes rejoin and he
can become fertile again.
and / or discomfort for a couple of days following
the operation maybe there, therefore it is advisable
not to do anything strenuous for the first week
(including intercourse or lift any heavy objects).
men change their mind and wish for the operation
to be reversed, which isnít always possible.
given the all clear, male sterilization is over 99%
effective; the failure rate is 1 in 1000.It is obviously
less effective if relied upon before supplying two
successive clear sperm counts. It is very important
to use additional contraception until this time.
How do I get sterilized?
Speak to your Doctor, Gynecologist or Family Planning
Clinic about sterilization. They will ask you some
questions about why you think this is a relevant option.
They will discuss the implications of sterilization
and answer any questions you may have and describe
the operation procedure. Male sterilization is available
free in Family Planning Centers / Government runned
hospitals. Many doctors provide this privately.
is female sterilization?
is a permanent method of contraception and requires
a small operation under local/ spinal/ general anesthesia.
can undergo this operation by various techniques:
in which 3-4 inches long incision is taken over
in which a surgeon will enter the abdomen through
a small cut in the vagina.
(the most modern method) in which a small telescope
like instrument is inserted into the abdomen through
a small cut under or through navel.
It is very
important to view this method as an irreversible method
and only have it, if you are absolutely sure that
you no longer wish to conceive in the future.
does it work?
the doctor/surgeon has made their cut, they then cut,
seal or block the fallopian tubes. Link to Female
Reproductive System in Sexual Activity. This will
stop any eggs released from traveling down the fallopian
tube to the womb. Once the fallopian tube is
cut, there are several options to stop them from rejoining.
can be tied at the ends and are left in separate
tissue area, giving the least possible chance
of the tubes to rejoin.
methods, the fallopian tubes are blocked by the
use of clips or a Falope
are the advantages?
a permanent method of contraception.
immediately (unlike male sterilization, which
takes around 6 months).
barrier method of contraception to protect STDís
to Barrier Methods in Contraception.
are the disadvantages and common side effects?
majority of women have this operation under general
anesthesia may feel drowsy or sick following
a couple of dayís rest following the procedure.
involve an overnight stay, but this is becoming
the tubes can rejoin, but this is rare.
women change their minds and want the operation
reversed, which isnít always possible.
women find their periods heavier and more painful
is over 99% effective, the failure rate being 1 to
3 in 1000.
do I get sterilized?
If you are
think that this is the right option for you,
speak to your Doctor, Gynecologist or Family Planning
Clinic about sterilization. They
will ask you some questions to know if this is the
right method for you, and can help you to make up
your mind. After routine investigation of blood and
urine, the health care professional can take
a decision of operation and go ahead with it.