is a Condom ?
contraceptive sheaths meant to cover the penis during
coitus to prevent pregnancy.
A condom is a narrow tube usually made of natural rubber
latex, which is closed at one end. Most condoms have
a teat at the end, which holds semen once the man has
ejaculated. Male condoms are available in a variety
of types: plain, coloured, ribbed, flavoured, shaped
and even glow in the dark.
does it work?
The condom should
be put on by unrolling it on to the erect penis before
there is any contact between the male and female organs.
The teat should be emptied by squeezing the tip by holding
up before unrolling for better full collection of semen
after ejaculation. A pre-lubricated condom is preferable.
use Vaseline, oils, skin lotions, cold creams, butter
- Unroll before placing
it on the Penis
- Don't use Vaseline,
oils, skin lotions, cold creams, butter or margarine
shouldn’t be reused.
reliable is it?
according to manufacturer’s instructions, condoms can
be 98% reliable at protecting from unwanted pregnancies.
However, with less careful use, this can fall to 85%.
you can improve its effectiveness?
be unrolled on erect penis before there is any contact
between male and female organs.
or foam tablet may be used at the same time.
after ejaculation, the male should withdraw the
penis holding the condom firmly against his body.
condom should be thrown away and the penis dried
before further contact with the female’s genital
can I get male condoms?
are probably the most widely available forms of contraception.
You can get a limited supply free from Family Planning
clinics or buy them from pharmacies or mail order. Many
other places sell them such as petrol stations, local
shops and supermarkets.
on shelves without any medical prescription.
harmless method of contraception.
protection against sexually transmitted diseases
and AIDS (HIV infection).
suitable for couples having infrequent coitus, during
lactation (breast-feeding), during holidays, for
teenagers particularly to prevent
use during pregnancy, particularly in the later
months, gives some protection against amniotic fluid
require any special training.
of the condoms
- Allergy to the latex
material or spermicidal agents.
- Condoms can split. This
risk can be removed by removing sharp rings and jewelry
which can damage the condoms
- If not used correctly
and consistently, the failure rate are higher
- May reduce the spontaneity
of sex. To avoid this you or partner can include putting
a condom as part of fore play
- Medical stores, General
- Family Planning centers
is a female condom?
condom is a tube of very thin rubber or polyurethane
plastic, which is pre-lubricated with a silicone base.
It is closed at one end and has two flexible rings.
The loose inner ring fits inside the vagina and the
fixed outer ring stays flat on the outside of the vagina.
Female condoms are known as Femidom (UK) and Reality
(US) Femshield (India)
does it work?
It works by gently lining the inside of the
vagina and the area just outside and stops sperms from
entering the vagina. To remove after intercourse, simply
twist the outer ring to hold the semen and gently pull
the female condom out.
of female condom
- Female oriented condom.
- It can be used with
oil based lubricants, such as body oils, lotions and
petroleum jelly, unlike Male condoms should not be
used with an oil based lubricant.
- It helps protect you
from sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s) and HIV.
- The female condom is
pre-lubricated with spermicidal jelly to make it easier
- It may be put in any
time before sex.
- It may protect against
are the disadvantages and common side effects?
- They can be tricky to
use at first, but practice makes the use perfect.
- The inner ring is quite
uncomfortable and can slide down if you do not fit
- They can be quite expensive
and not all Family Planning Clinics or Genito-urinary
Medicine (G.U.M.) have them for free.
- It can slip out.
- They are more expensive
and not easily available than male condoms.
Female condoms are 95% reliable if used according
to manufacturer’s instructions.
can you get female condoms?
buy them in pharmacies, mail order and some supermarkets,
pubs, clubs and petrol stations.
(Not yet freely available